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Every home in Ontario must have a working smoke alarm on every storey and outside all sleeping areas- it's the law! Failure to comply with the fire code smoke alarm requirements could result in a ticket of $235, or a fine of up to $50,000 for individuals and $100,000 for Corporations.



It is the responsibility of homeowners to install and maintain smoke alarms on every storey of their home and outside sleeping areas.



It is the responsibility of landlords to ensure their rental properties comply with the law. We strongly encourage landlords to use our smoke alarm checklists to keep a record of all maintenance work done on smoke alarms.



If you are a tenant of a rental property and do not have the required number of smoke alarms, contact your landlord immediately. It is against the law for tenants to remove the batteries or tamper with the alarm in any way.


When installing smoke alarms, refer to the manufacturers instructions for information about correct placement. Test your smoke alarms every month using the test button. Replace smoke alarm batteries at least once a year, and whenever the low-battery warning chirps. Smoke alarms don't last forever. Replace smoke alarms with new ones if they are more than ten years old. Steam from the shower or cooking in the oven, stove or toaster can cause smoke alarms to activate. Do not remove the battery. Instead, try moving the alarm to a different location, or purchase a smoke alarm with a hush feature that will temporarily silence the alarm. For further information about dealing with nuisance alarms, visit the OFM website.


Which Smoke Alarm Is Better? Photelectric vs. Ionization

The two types operate on different principles and therefore may respond differently to various conditions. Ionization models are best suited for rooms that contain highly combustible materials that can create flaming fires. These types of materials include flammable liquids, newspapers, and paint cleaning solutions. Photoelectric models are best suited for living rooms, bedrooms and kitchens. This is because these rooms often contain large pieces of furniture, such as sofas, chairs, mattresses, counter tops, etc. which will burn slowly and create more smoldering smoke than flames. As noted at one manufacturer website, “It's impossible to say one sensor -- photo or ion -- is universally better at detecting all types of fires. Why? Because both sensors are designed to respond to combustion particles produced by smoldering or flaming fires, and because fires themselves are different. The combustion particles produced will vary depending on what starts the fire(matches, electrical fire, etc.) and what burns (paper, fabric, wood).”


Click here for more information. Review on best sensor type for kitchens

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